دانش آموزان عزیز سلام
من فرشید کامرانی فارغ التحصیل مهندسی برق دانشگاه صنعتی شریف هستم.
در این مطلب قراره یک متن انگلیسی کار کنیم تا با سوالات قسمت ریدینگ برای کنکور بیشتر آشنا شویم.
چند نکته لازم است قبل از خواندن و حل سوالات در نظر بگیرید:
در این مطلب هدف این است تا با متن سخت ریدینگ آشنا شویم و از آن نترسیم و دنبال کلید واژه ها برای حل سوالات باشیم.
✔ بعد از حل سوالات این متن متوجه خواهید شد که در این متن از کلمات و اسامی خاصی استفاده شده است که نیاز نیست معنی آن ها را به طور دقیق بدانیم.
برای دانش آموزانی که دنبال چالش برای مبحث ریدینگ هستند این متن به شدت توصیه می شود.
قبل از خواندن این متن، برای آشنایی با نحوه حل سوالات ریدینگ مطلب زیر را پیشنهاد میکنم.
نحوه حل سوالات ریدینگ (کلیک کنید)
✔ درجه سختی متن زیر به چه صورت است؟
درجه سختی متن: تقریبا سخت
درجه سختی سوالات: سخت
📌 برای مشاهده جواب ها همچنین نسخه پی دی اف این متن، فایل ضمیمه را دانلود نمایید.
📌 برای مشاهده و تمرین نمونه سوالات بیشتر ریدینگ، لیسنینگ، کلوز تست و ... می توانید از لینک زیر استفاده کنید:
**** مجموعه سوال، درسنامه و نکات ****
بریم سراغ این متن:
Birdsong is the classic example of how genes (hereditary information) and environment both have a crucial role to play in the behavioral development of animals. Since the pioneering work of W. H. Thorpe on chaffinches (a common European bird), many species have been studied, and it has become clear both that learning plays an important role for all species and also that there are constraints on what they are able to learn. j
Thorpe was able to show that learning from others was involved in chaffinch birds through a series of experiments on hand-reared chicks (young birds). As in most other species, only the males sing. Thorpe found that, if he raised young males in total isolation from all others, the song they produced was quite different from that of a normal adult. It was about the right length and in the correct frequency range. It was also split up into a series of notes as it should be. But these notes lacked the detailed structure found in wild birds, nor was the song split up into distinct phrases as it usually is. This suggested that song development requires some social influence. Later experiments in which researchers played recordings of songs to young birds showed just how precise this influence was: many of them would learn the exact pattern of the recording they had heard. A remarkable feature here was that birds were able to copy precisely songs that they only heard in the first few weeks of life, yet they did not sing themselves until about eight months old. They are thus able to store a memory of the sound within their brain and then match their own output to their recollection of it when they mature. j
Q1- The word “pioneering” in the passage is closest in meaning to
Q2- The word “distinct” in the passage is closest in meaning to
Q3- According to paragraph 2, all of the following are characteristics of the songs of the young chaffinches in Thorpe’s experiment EXCEPT
A. They were not identical to the songs of normal adult chaffinches. j
B. They lacked the complex form of the songs of wild chaffinches. j
C. They were as long as the songs of normal adult chaffinches. j
Q4- According to paragraph 2, researchers discovered which of the following by playing recordings of songs to chaffinches? j
A. Chaffinches could no longer be taught to reproduce sounds after the first few weeks of life. j
B. Chaffinches could not reproduce songs with exactly the same patterns of recorded songs. j
C. Chaffinches at the age of eight months could recall and reproduce a song that they heard in the first few weeks of life. j
D. Chaffinches that learned a song from recordings in the first few weeks of life were later unable to copy the sounds of mature chaffinches. j
Q5- All of the following are mentioned in paragraph 2 as characteristics of wild chaffinches EXCEPT: j
A. They are able to copy songs very precisely. j
B. Their song development requires interaction with other chaffinches. j
C. Their songs are not as well-structured as the songs of other birds. j
D. It is the males of the species that do the singing. j
🎁 برای ارتباط بیشتر با برترها و رزرو پشتیبان ویژه، پیج اینستاگرام و کانال تلگرام کانون برترها را دنبال کنید، همچنین می توانید با شماره ۰۲۱۸۴۵۱ داخلی ۳۱۲۳ تماس بگیرید.
|پیج اینستاگرام||کانال تلگرام کانون برترها|